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Minorities At Risk Project: Monitoring the persecution and mobilization of ethnic groups worldwide

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The MAR Project

The Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project is a university-based research project that monitors and analyzes the status and conflicts of politically-active communal groups in all countries with a current population of at least 500,000. The project is designed to provide information in a standardized format that aids comparative research and contributes to the understanding of conflicts involving relevant groups. Selected project materials on more than 283 groups (the MAR database and codebook as well as detailed historical chronologies) are available through this site for researchers, public officials, journalists, students, activists, and others interested in the topic. The project also has collected data on 118 ethnopolitical organizations representing MAR groups in the Middle East and North Africa. [More]

MAR Data

The MAR project currently maintains data on 283 politically active ethnic groups. The centerpiece of the project is a dataset that tracks groups on political, economic, and cultural dimensions. The project also maintains analytic summaries of group histories, risk assessments, and group chronologies for each group in the dataset. [More]


The Minorities at Risk Organizational Behavior (MAROB) dataset is a subsidiary of the Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project. Initiated in 2005, the purpose of this project is to answer fundamental questions focusing on the identification of those factors that motivate some members of ethnic minorities to become radicalized, to form activist organizations, and to move from conventional means of politics and protest into violence and terrorism. Focusing initially on the Middle East and North Africa, the MAROB project provides information on the characteristics of those ethnopolitical organizations most likely to employ violence and terrorism in the pursuit of their perceived grievances with local, national, or international authority structures. [More]

MAR Background Report: Religious Violence in Egypt

Amid the changes sweeping across Egypt, there are signs of increasing tensions between the majority Muslim and minority Coptic populations. Coptic Christians in Cairo blocked a highway on March 8 to protest the previous week’s burning of a church. The rally angered Muslims who wanted to pass, and both sides began throwing stones until the army intervened.

page 1 of background report

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© 2004 - 2014 • Minorities At Risk Project

Last Updated March 10, 2011